Framework

Capturing the world through photography, video and multimedia

Oct. 4, 1928: The collapse of the drill shaft in month-old Getty well fire leads to two flames. On the right is burning gas, on the left is burning oil.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: LA Times Photographic Archive/UCLA

Sept. 19, 1928: Firefighters lay hoses to protect homes from an oil well fire in Santa Fe Springs.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: LA Times Photographic Archive/UCLA

Sept. 19, 1928: Ford Alexander, right, and his unidentified brother wear special asbestos firefighting suits during fight to control burning Getty well.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: LA Times Photographic Archive/UCLA

Nov. 4, 1928: The five-ton steel cap sits in front of the steam-powered crane that placed it on burning Getty oil well. The well had started burning on Sept. 16.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: LA Times Photographic Archive/UCLA

June 11, 1929: The fourth fire in nine months breaks out at Santa Fe Springs oil field. One of the wells, owned by McKeon Oil Co., burned for 26 days.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times

June 1929: Workers dig a tunnel in an effort to cap the burning McKeon oil well behind them in Santa Fe Springs.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: LA Times Photographic Archive/UCLA

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Santa Fe Springs oil well fires

September 16, 1928: A George F. Getty Inc. well exploded at the Santa Fe Springs oil fields, igniting a fire that burned for almost two months. According to a Los Angeles Times caption the next day, the shock wave from the explosion was felt more than a mile away.

This oil field fire was one of several that occurred on a regular basis around Los Angeles in the 1920s. The Times article the next day began:

With a gas blowout that shook the country for miles around and hurled a 122-foot steel derrick clear over onto Telegraph Road, the old Santa Fe Springs oil field, now in process of development to the 6000-foot zone, yesterday harked back to the days of 1922 when its notorious gas blowouts tore great craters in the earth and burned for many days before they could be extinguished. Within an hour after the blowout occurred yesterday the fire was so intense that field workers and firemen could not get within 1000 feet of the gasser. All the available fire apparatus in the district was being used to protect surrounding property.

To extinguish the Getty blowout, a two-pronged strategy was used. First, a 200-foot underground shaft was dug to a spot 60 feet below the flames. Enough gas and oil were diverted to lower the force driving the flames.

The second step was completed on Nov. 4. A special crane lowered  a five-ton steel cap on the well, snuffing out the flames.

Five days later, another Santa Fe Springs oil well, owned by Bell View Oil Co., blew. Four neighboring derricks burned and four more were toppled to prevent them from burning. One worker was killed. The fire was reported out in a Dec. 2, 1928, Los Angeles Times article.

On Jan. 9, 1929, another blowout and fire destroyed two Santa Fe Springs wells. That fire was put out three days later.

On June 10, 1929, two more wells caught fire and seven derricks were destroyed. One of the well fires was extinguished in a week. The other, owned by McKeon Oil Co., burned for 26 days with the now-familiar tunnel-and-cap method used to smother the flames.

According to a June 29, 1929, story, a 75-foot-long tunnel was dug 40 feet below the burning well. A 12-by-12-foot chamber allowed workers to attach equipment to siphon off oil. About 2900 barrels burned each day. The well was capped on July 6, 1929.

The Los Angeles Times covered the first Getty well fire extensively on the local news front page with a long story and photo. All three of the other fires received the same treatment on the day following the blowout. But follow-up coverage of the last three fires was confined to small updates inside the Times.

The Getty fire also received a full writeup in this February 1929 edition of Popular Science.

Most Los Angeles Times staff images before 1950 did not receive photo credit. All attempts to identify the photographer or photographers of these images have failed.

TECH NOTES:

These six Los Angeles Times fire images were shot on glass negatives. The first four images in the gallery were of the Getty well blowout in 1928. The last two were from the McKeon fire in 1929. Edges and small sections of the emulsions have started to separate from the glass base, leaving degraded areas that could not be cropped out.

1 Comment

  1. March 21, 2014, 2:56 pm

    Who Was the Los Angeles county fire Captain on this fire in 1928

    By: bgreg616

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