Framework

Capturing the world through photography, video and multimedia

Jan. 27, 1942: Two photo combo of Terminal Island with defense plant fence on left and Japanese-owned fishing boats on right. Original two photo combo not located. This version made from scans of original 4- by 5-inch negatives. The white line designates a portion from each negative.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Japanese women working at Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

February 1942: Impounded Japanese fishing boats, Fish Harbor, Terminal Island, Los Angeles.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

A sign in Japanese and English at Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Japanese attendant pumping gas at Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

A Japanese youngster poses with a sign in a store on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Police Det. George A. Prettyman, left, and Police Det. Lee Slajer, background, have Tyrmon Uchi, Japanese alien, lock up his wine and beer and close his store in the 200 block of West. 3rd Street in San Pedro. The State Board of Equalization had forbidden all alien and second-generation Japanese to sell liquor.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

A group of American-born Japanese, left, watch an FBI agent, background, bring a detained man down an alley at Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Charles Crawford / Los Angeles Times

A group of American-born Japanese watch two FBI agents down at the end of an alley during a roundup of Japanese aliens on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Charles Crawford / Los Angeles Times

Feb. 2, 1942: Japanese on bus headed to the United States Immigration Detention Station on Terminal Island during roundup of Japanese nationals living on Terminal Island. Photo published Feb. 3, 1942 in the LA Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Federal agents during roundup of Japanese aliens on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Federal agents during a roundup of Japanese on Terminal Island. The Times reported the next morning that 336 Japanese were detained.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Japanese sit in a car as federal agents round up aliens on Terminal Island. The Times reported the next morning that 336 Japanese were detained.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

During roundup of Japanese on Terminal Island, Akamura Onishi is stopped and questioned by an FBI agent. Onishi was instructed to go to his home.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times

Japanese are rounded up at Fish Harbor on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Federal agents round up Japanese aliens on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Federal agents round up Japanese on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Federal agents round up Japanese on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Andrew Hugh Arnott / Los Angeles Times

Los Angeles detectives interview a Japanese man in Fish Harbor.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Moving from Shinto temple on Terminal Island on U.S. Navy orders is the priest Shinkichi Miyoshi. After 40 years at the temple, he had to dismantle items for the move.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Moving from Shinto temple on Terminal Island on U.S. Navy orders is the priest Shinkichi Miyoshi. After 40 years at the temple, he had to dismantle items for the move.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Japanese residents of Terminal Island load a truck after the U.S. Navy ordered the area cleared. About 3,000 Japanese were ordered off Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times

Pvt. Ed Collinash serves papers on Shiro Matsushita ordering him to move out of Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Harry K. Masai, naturalized American and World War I veteran, in front of a truck filled with his belongings during moving day for Japanese on Terminal Island. Masai had been a fisherman and was moving to Hanford. He said he had no resentment and moving was part of his contribution to the war.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Trucks are loaded during moving day on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Trucks are loaded during moving day on Terminal Island. All residents, not just Japanese, were evicted by the U.S.Navy in the Fish Harbor and Brighton Beach areas of Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Trucks are loaded during moving day on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Moving day for Japanese on Terminal Island. Boxes are piled up in a room with a portrait of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

Trucks are loaded during moving day on Terminal Island.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Wayne B. Cave / Los Angeles Times

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Japanese evicted from Terminal Island

February 1942: Following President Franklin D. Roosevelt issuing Executive Order 9066 on Feb. 19, 1942, the first major Los Angeles relocation of Japanese and Japanese Americans occurred at Terminal Island.

By 1942 about 3,000 residents lived in the Japanese fishing community on Terminal Island, also called East San Pedro or Fish Harbor. After Pearl Harbor, many male Japanese residents were detained by the FBI and all Japanese-owned fishing boats impounded.

On Feb. 21, 1942, the U.S. Navy began condemnation proceedings to remove all residents – mostly Japanese – from areas near naval bases on Terminal Island. Within a week, further military orders led to clearing all residents in a mass move documented by the Los Angeles Times.

During the war, the community was razed by the military – leaving nothing for former residents to return to in 1945.

This National Parks Service web page has a good article on Terminal Island history.

This photo gallery includes many images taken by Wayne B. Cave, a Times writer who covered the Los Angeles Harbor for the paper.

This is the third part of a series of From the Archive posts on the Japanese Internment during World War II.

Previous posts in this Japanese World War II Internment series are:

Alien Registration Act of 1940 [updated].

Executive Order 9066: Japanese American internment in World War II. 

6 Comments

  1. March 23, 2012, 2:10 am

    [...] the historical theme, the LA Times has a series showing what happened during the WWII Evictions Of Japanese-Americans On Terminal Island. A window into a not often reported episode of the [...]

  2. March 23, 2012, 7:39 am

    This is fabulous collection of photographs. Some are very poignant and somewhat filled with irony. Those were very difficult times and it is good that The Times keeps these pictures for all to see. Thanks Harrison.

    By: rafaelc@racen.com
  3. March 23, 2012, 12:04 pm

    Thanks for sharing these historical photos from the WWII era. I really enjoy reading about and looking at these old images. Keep up the awesome work!

    Sincerely,
    Kevin Hellriegel http://becomeaschoolphotographer.com/

    By: khellriegel
  4. March 24, 2012, 10:11 am

    Outstanding article! and great photos. Its is always important to remember history, even when its not positive.

    By: 49erca
  5. February 25, 2013, 8:47 am

    I was looking for precise date when the Navy gave those not arrested by FBI Japanese “30 days” to leave the island in February, 1942. The photos are very expressive of those times. “Framework” s a catchy name for this pictorial history.

    Am a longtime LAT subscriber.

  6. December 7, 2013, 11:41 am

    A fascinating series of images. Thanks so much, Los Angeles Times.

    By: davewyman

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