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July 7, 1946: Howard Hughes steps up to board the XF-11 aircraft at Culver City Airport. The aircraft later crashed, nearly killing Hughes. This photo was published in the July 8, 1946 Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times

July 7, 1946: American industrialist and aviator Howard Hughes sits in the cockpit of his new XF-11 plane, which was built in conjunction with the U.S. Army Air Force and designed especially for photo reconnaissance work, at Culver City. The plane crashed later the day on its first flight, and although Hughes managed to escape out of the wreckage, he suffered third-degree burns and major injuries.


July 7, 1946: Firemen view damage in vicinity of Lt. Col. Charles A. Meyer's home, which was destroyed by a blaze resulting from Howard Hughes' plane crash. Towering flames at left are from a break in the natural-gas outlet in the Meyer kitchen. At right, the tail section of the FX-11 plane, parts of which hit four different houses. This photo was published in the July 8, 1946 Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times Archive / UCLA

July 7, 1946: Howard Hughes in the ambulance and on the way to the hospital after the crash of his XF-11 aircraft. This photo was published in the July 8, 1946 Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Los Angeles Times

April 5, 1947: The second XF-11 prototype, with Howard Hughes at the controls, flies for the first time at the Hughes Aircraft plant in Culver City.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hughes Aircraft

April 5, 1947: After making a successful test flight, Howard Hughes steps from the second XF-11 prototype. This photo was published in the April 6, 1947 Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Phil Bath / Los Angeles Times

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In 1943, the Hughes Aircraft Co. received a U.S. Army Air Force contract for 100 F-11 reconnaissance aircraft. But in May 1945, the contract was canceled. Hughes Aircraft was allowed to complete two prototypes.

On July 7, 1946, Howard Hughes took the first prototype on its maiden flight – and crashed. The Los Angeles Times reported the next morning:

Howard Hughes, millionaire airplane manufacturer, oilman, motion-picture producer and one of the most famous civilian pilots aviation has ever known, was injured critically yesterday when he crashed in Beverly Hills while flying his experimental Army photographic plane on its maiden flight.

Hughes, doing his own test-hopping, appeared to have tried to reach the Los Angeles Country Club golf course on which he apparently intended to crash-land the twin-engine airplane.

According to actor Dennis O’Keefe, who witnessed the entire episode from his home at 802 N. Linden Drive, the plane appeared to have been flying at an extremely low altitude, judging from the sound of the approaching engines.

Hughes fell about 300 feet short of the golf course, however, in this treetop-clipping attempt. The gigantic photographic plane, both of its powerful engines whining, tore more than half the roof from a two-story dwelling at 803 N. Linden Drive, occupied by Dr. Jules Zimmerman, a dentist.

Simultaneously the plane’s right wing sliced through the upstairs bedroom of the home next door to Zimmerman’s at 805 N. Linden Drive, narrowly missing the occupants, Jerry De Kamp and his wife Elizabeth, who were in the room at the time.

Caroming off the garage in the rear of the De Kamp residence the XF-11 continued its swath of devastation, slicing through a line of poplar trees bounding the rear of 808 Whittier Drive, the home of Lt. Col. Charles A. Meyer, interpreter at the war crimes trials in Europe, and burst into flames as it crashed into the Meyer home.

One of the plane’s tremendous radial engines, torn from its mounts by the impact, hurtled more than 60 feet through the air, passing through the Meyer home, tearing a gash through the corner of a home at 810 Whittier Drive, owned by Gosta B. Guston, retired Swedish industrialist, and finally came to rest on the Guston lawn.

Hughes was saved from death as the plane exploded into flames by Marine Sgt. William Lloyd Durkin, stationed at the El Toro Marine Base, and Capt. James Guston, 22, son of the industrialist and recently released from the Army….

At 5:25 p.m. yesterday the XF-11, Hughes alone at the controls, lifted easily under the pull of its two eight-bladed counter-rotating propellers. A handful of company officials and newspapermen watched the latest Hughes creation. One hour and 18 minutes later, the ship was a mass of junk which attracted an estimated throng of 8,000 persons to watch its cremation….

Hughes was taken to the Beverly Hills Emergency Hospital and given a “50-50″ chance to live. He survived, and on April 5, 1947 successfully flew the second XF-11 prototype on its first test flight. Seven months later, on Nov. 2, 1947, Hughes piloted the Spruce Goose in its first and only flight.

For more, check out The flight of the Spruce Goose photo gallery.

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