Framework

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In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian worker rests inside a smuggling tunnel in Rafah, on the border between Egypt and the southern Gaza Strip. Since the summer, Egypt's military has tried to destroy or seal off most of the smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border, a consequence of the heightened tensions between Cairo and the Hamas government in Gaza.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian worker rests inside a smuggling tunnel in Rafah. Gaza's tunnel smugglers along the border with Egypt are mostly idle these days.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian man works in a smuggling tunnel in Rafah. The tunnels once employed thousands of young men in Gaza.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian works in a tunnel in Rafah. With most tunnels closed by early September, few tunnel workers have reported to their jobs for maintenance work. Some of them are masking their faces to avoid identification, for fear of repercussions in case they were to travel to Egypt in the future.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian worker smokes a cigarette inside a smuggling tunnel along the border with Egypt in Rafah.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

A Palestinian man works in a tunnel in Rafah on Sept. 30. The tunnels have served for years as a lifeline for Gaza, home to some 1.7 million Palestinians.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

A Palestinian worker hides his face with a T-shirt while sitting inside a smuggling tunnel in Rafah on Sept. 30. He did not want to be identified, for fear of repercussions in case he were to travel to Egypt in the future.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

In this Sept. 30 photo, a Palestinian digs a tunnel in Rafah. “We have no other alternative but to work in these tunnels,” one worker said. “They are the only crossing to bring needed goods to Gaza.”

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Hatem Moussa / Associated Press

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From Associated Press

RAFAH, Gaza Strip  — Gaza’s tunnel smugglers along the border with Egypt are mostly idle these days.

Some rest on cots in the dank underground pathways, stretching out for a smoke. Others pass the time cleaning the small carts on wheels that are normally pulled through the tunnels carrying cement or consumer goods from Egypt.

Since the summer, Egypt’s military has tried to destroy or seal off most of the smuggling tunnels under the Gaza-Egypt border, a consequence of the heightened tensions between Cairo and the Hamas government in Gaza.

In July, Egypt’s military brought down the country’s Islamist president, Mohammed Morsi, in a popularly-backed coup and cracked down on his Muslim Brotherhood movement. The military accused Hamas, the Palestinian branch of the Brotherhood, of fomenting unrest in Egypt and moved to shut down the border tunnels, citing security reasons.

The tunnels have served for years as a lifeline for Gaza, home to some 1.7 million Palestinians.

They became particularly important after Hamas overran the territory in 2007, prompting Israel and Morsi’s Western-backed predecessor, Hosni Mubarak, to impose a stifling border blockade.

Israel has eased the blockade in recent years, but still restricts the imports of some goods, including cement and steel rods. Until recently, the tunnels served as a conduit for such construction materials and for subsidized Egyptian fuel.

The tunnels once employed thousands of young men in Gaza. By early September, with most tunnels closed, only a few tunnel workers reported to their jobs for maintenance work. Some mask their faces with shirts to avoid identification while working, for fear of repercussions in case they were to travel to Egypt in the future.

Some began digging new tunnels to replace the ones destroyed by the Egyptian security forces.

“We have no other alternative but to work in these tunnels,” said one of the workers, Hussam Rashwan. “They are the only crossing to bring needed goods to Gaza.”

From the Gaza side, some of the workers watched as bulldozers leveled an olive grove on the Egyptian side of the border, marked by a low wall. The Gazans said they had learned from their Egyptian smuggling partners that the army had just destroyed a house built on top of a tunnel, and the bulldozers were now presumably clearing away any other cover where one could be hidden.

“Egypt treats us like an enemy,” said Asaad Najar, 46, a father of nine. He said he used to make between $30 and $40 a day, a good income for Gaza, but now earns nothing.

1 Comment

  1. October 19, 2013, 9:38 am

    These tunnels are used to bring needed goods to Gazans? Are you kidding me? How come you didn't state in this article that these tunnels are used to bring weapons into Gaza to use against the Jews in Israel? http://483years.blogspot.com/

    By: downtown dave

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