Framework

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June 17, 1954: Immigration officers and sheriff's deputies march a group of 10 Mexican nationals illegally in the United States away from an East Los Angeles foundry.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Group of Mexican nationals stand along road waiting for bus to take them to detention center. They were caught working at an East Los Angeles foundry.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Ed Parker, chief patrol inspector for the border patrol, with map in center, gives agents their assignments.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 18, 1954: Alejandro Jauregui, 22, is flushed from his rooftop hiding place by U.S. Immigration Officer S. T. Chandler. This photo was published in the June 19, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: John Malmin / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

July 17, 1954: Lewis Calwell, Border patrol inspector checks sugar beet train at Niland, California during roundup of Mexican nationals illegally in the United States.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 18, 1954: Immigration inspectors place detained Mexican nationals on a detention bus at Ford and Whittier boulevards in East Los Angeles, before taking them to the main detention center in Elysian Park.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: John Malmin / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Mrs. Rosario Martinez, 18, holds 10-month-old daughter Sandra, as she awaits trip to the Elysian Park detention center. Her husband, Manuel, 24, was also detained. This photo was published on the front page of the June 17, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Los Angeles County sheriff's deputies search men picked up in East Los Angeles.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: People taken to the Recreation Center in Elysian Park await processing for their return to Mexico. About 300 were in the group rounded up that morning.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Detained Mexican nationals illegally in the United States are detained at recreation building in Elysian Park. Women and families are in foreground with single men in background.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Group of about 150 Mexican nationals illegally in the United States in detention center at Elysian Park.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: John Malmin / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Department of Immigration personnel processing Mexican national for return to Mexico. From left: Herbert B. Perkins, Dept. of Immigration investigator; Mexican national Olejo Molina, from Santa Cruz, Mexico; Clarence Porter, assistant chief in charge of investigation, Dept. of Immigration; Robert Carter, investigator; and Virginia Baldivia, clerk.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Paul Calvert / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: First load of 52 detained Mexican nationals are loaded onto bus at Elysian Park for trip to Nogales, Arizona.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Phil Bath / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Mexican nationals enter El Centro border patrol compound prior to deportation. This photo was published in the June 18, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 19, 1954: Buses, filled with people caught in raids, wait in Nogales, Ariz., before crossing the border into Mexico. This photo was published in the June 20, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 18, 1954: About 190 Mexican nationals, right, at Calexico border crossing being processed for return to Mexico.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 17, 1954: Bus load of Mexican nationals detained in Salinas arrive at El Centro compound during roundup of illegals.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 18, 1954. Mexican nationals are marched through Calexico after being rounded up. This photo was published in the June 21, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 19, 1954: Juan Martinez, standing, changes U.S. money into Mexican currency for Refugio Martinez, about to be deported, as Officer Miguel Corona looks on in Nogales, Ariz. This photo was published in the June 20, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

June 19, 1954: People climb aboard trains for the trip through Mexico. This photo was published in the June 21, 1954, Los Angeles Times.

PHOTOGRAPH BY: Larry Sharkey / Los Angeles Times Archive/UCLA

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1954 roundup of illegal immigrants

In June, 1954, the Los Angeles Times covered a large roundup of illegal immigrants conducted by the Federal Government. This photo gallery consists of images taken during the roundup by Los Angeles Times photographers.

Presidential candidate Donald Trump recently cited the 1954 roundup during a Republican debate. Los Angeles Times reporter Kate Linthicum responded with this this story: The Dark, complex history of Trump’s model for his deportation plan.

Many of the images in this photo gallery accompanied Linthicum’s story in the Nov. 13, 2015 Los Angeles Times.

The images were scanned from original prints found in the Los Angeles Times Photographic Archive at UCLA.

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